The Power of Power 1984 ESSAY

Political struggle for power and domination has been evident in the past, recently dating back to World War II where Nazi Germany and Communist Russia conflicted to maintain control. In George Orwell’s, Nineteen Eighty Four, a totalitarian society in Oceania seeks “limitless” power throughout England over a poor population by the use of dictatorship. Telescreens, technological monitoring devices, and hidden microphones are situated in Airstrip One, formerly known as England, to manipulate the minds and alter the thoughts of the general population. The undeveloped, dilapidated city life and land throughout Airstrip One portrays the dangers of totalitarianism. Furthermore, the novel is set in the future, which exposes the Party, a totalitarian government, and their control on the past and proliferating strength. Truly then, the setting of the novel affects the development of various themes such as psychological manipulation, dangers of totalitarianism, and historical control leading to power. The location and quantity of telescreens and hidden microphones promotes psychological manipulation. The population of Oceania, including Airstrip One, is led to support ideas, which they do not truly believe. Their lack of privacy and personal belief induces “Doublethink”, a method where two contradictory concepts are held in one mind, utilized by Orwell to demonstrate political dominance. The Party renders the people to believe that “WAR IS PEACE, FREEDOM IS SLAVERY, IGNORANCE IS STRENGTH.” (Orwell, Nineteen Eighty-Four, p.29). Altering belief is important for the Party because it is a source of gaining power. Manipulation is evident in the novel as it contributes to the overall success of the Party. “Doublethink” is used by the author to show that people can change what they value, but still obtain a thought of their past. The telescreens and microphones also constantly shout propaganda, which also helps modify th…

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