The French and Indian War was a part of the larger struggle between England and France for dominance in world trade and naval power. The European part of this war is known as the Seven Years’ War. The conclusion of the war ended the struggle among the English, the French, and the Iroquois Confederacy. It confirmed England’s supremacy and guaranteed its control of the settlements in North America. The French and the English had existed peacefully in North America for almost 100 years. By 1750, tensions were getting high as both counties expanded their claims in North America. The French controlled all of Canada. The French claimed an area ranging from Louisiana to the Great Lakes. They founded a string of communities, missions, trading posts, and fortresses to secure their hold on the vast amount of land. The English were preparing to move into the Ohio valley even though a Frenchman had laid claim to the area during the same year. The French constructed a fortress there to keep the English from expanding, but the English saw it as a threat and began making military preparations and building their own fortresses. Tensions increased for the next five years until the governor of Virginia sent a military force led by Colonel George Washington. He build a crude stockade called Fort Necessity and staged an unsuccessful attack against a French militia group. The French countered with their own attack. They trapped Washington and his troops inside. After a third of them died fighting, Washington surrendered. The war lasted nine years. It began in 1754 after the Fort Necessity incident as a local North American conflict. The English struggled and did not do well during the early years of the war. They had few reinforcements and so the colonists fought most of the battle on their own. Most all Indian tribes allied themselves with the French. Only the Iroquois stood alone and tried to stay as neutral as possible. In 1…
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