Effects of Nationalism

To prepare for this Discussion: Review Chapter 31 (pp. 495-515), Chapter 24 (pp. 384-396), and Chapter 25 (pp. 397-408) in the course text. Review “The Camp David Accords: The Framework for Peace in the Middle East” from this week’s Learning Resources. Read President Reagan’s “Tear Down This Wall” speech from this week’s Learning Resources and and reflect on its impact upon the breakdown of the Soviet Union. Think about the power of nationalism in the United States. Bring to mind the weaknesses of the Soviet Union’s Communist structure, specifically the governmental and economical aspects. Draw from your reading this week and consider the tensions in the Middle East and their view of the West. Reflect upon the reasons behind the need for the current “War on Terror.” Assess the role of nationalism in the breakup of the Soviet Union. Assess the role of nationalism in the Middle East conflict. With these thoughts in mind: Post an assessment (2-3 paragraphs) of the role of nationalism in the breakup of the Soviet Union and the conflict in the Middle East. Be sure to support your ideas by connecting them to the week’s Learning Resources, or something you have read ƒ?› ƒ?› Learning Resources Reading ƒ?› Course Text: The Twentieth Century and Beyond: A Global History ƒ?› o Chapter 31, “Gorbachev, Europe, and the End of the Cold War” (pp. 495ƒ??515) This chapter chronicles the collapse of the Soviet Union and the rebuilding of a much less divided Europe at the end of the Cold War. o Chapter 24, “Economic and Political Developments in the Middle East” (pp. 384ƒ??396) This chapter details rising territorial disputes and domestic problems in the Middle East during the Cold War while the two superpowers (United States and Soviet Union) continued their struggle to maintain petroleum and military interests in the area. o Chapter 25, “The Israeli-Palestinian Arab Conflict” (pp. 397ƒ??408) This chapter tells of the longstanding conflict, beginning in 1948, with the creation of Israel and the displacement of the Palestinians. The chapter outlines a time line of the struggles that still exist between the Israelis and the Palenstinians over the West Bank and Gaza Strip, the creation of an independent Palestinian state, and the status of Jerusalem. Articles ƒ?› Reagan, R. (Speaker). (1987). Tear down this wall. Retrieved from http://www.reaganlibrary.com/reagan/speeches/wall.asp Acceptance speech. Retrieved from http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1990/gorbachev-acceptance.html This document contains the text from Mikhail Gorbachev’s acceptance speech on the occasion of the award of the Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo on December 10, 1990. This acceptance speech was read by Andrej Kovaljov as Mr. Gorbachev was unable to attend the event. ƒ?› al-Sadat, M., & Begin, M. (1978). The Camp David accords: The framework for peace in the Middle East. Retrieved from http://www.jimmycarterlibrary.org/documents/campdavid/accords.phtml This document contains the framework for Middle East peace. It was agreed upon by President of the Arab Republic of Egypt, Muhammad Anwar al-Sadat; Prime Minister of Israel, Menachem Begin; and U.S. President, Jimmy Carter, as they met at Camp David in September, 1978. Other parties to the Arab-Israel conflict were invited to adhere to it. ƒ?› al-Sadat, M., & Begin, M. (1978). The Camp David accords: Framework for the conclusion of a peace treaty between Egypt and Israel. Retrieved from http://www.jimmycarterlibrary.org/documents/campdavid/frame.phtml This document contains a framework of the basic matters included in the Peace Treaty between Egypt and Israel and is also a part of the Camp David Accords negotiated in 1978 by U.S. President Jimmy Carter.

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