Spanish retailer Zara has hit on a formula for sup

Spanish retailer Zara has hit on a formula for supply chain success that works. By defying conventional wisdom, Zara can design and distribute a garment to market in just fifteen days. In Zara stores, customers can always find new productsbut theyre in limited supply. This makes the customer eager to visit the store more often and in an urgent manner. Whatever is sold will not be back again. Such a retail concept depends on the regular creation and rapid replenishment of small batches of new goods. Zara often beats the high-fashion houses to the market and offers almost the same products, made with less expensive fabric, at much lower prices. This fast fashion system depends on a constant exchange of information throughout every part of Zaras supply chainfrom customers to store managers, from store managers to market specialists and designers, from designers to production staff, from buyers to subcontractors, from warehouse managers to distributors, and so on. Most companies insert layers of bureaucracy that can bog down communication between departments. But Zaras organization, operational procedures, performance measures, and even its office layouts are all designed to make information transfer easy. Zaras cross-functional teams meet on short notice and without bureaucratic procedures. They can examine prototypes in the hall, choose a design, and commit resources for its production and introduction in a few hours, if necessary. Zara stores receive small shipments and carry little inventory, the risks are small; unsold items account for less than 10 percent of stock, compared with the industry average of 17 percent to 20 percent. Zaras ways have proven to be successful and efficient, and at the same time they encourage customers to visit the stores more often and to purchase whatever they like before it gets sold out. This shows how important logistics can be in securing successful operations and processes resulting in products being at the right amount, the right price and the right place. Analyze and discuss the importance of successful operations management and supply chain on gaining a competitive advantage.

part 1 Interpret the countrys political & economic

part 1 Interpret the countrys political & economic structures & discuss its cultural attitudes, Depict the nature of the countrys international trade now & historically(say 25 years ago), Characterise the governments attitude to international trade, both outward & inward, Identify the potential for formal economic co-operation with other nations through relevant trade groupings,